There is great importance of Jummah prayer for the Muslims. It is considered as one of the significant days when all the Muslims stop their work and do special preparations for Jummah prayer like they wear best clothes and offices and academic institutions give half day of the work. Almost all the shops put their shutters down and move to the mosques for offering Jummah prayer. Friday is the day loaded with blessings and kindness. Muslims meet this day together in the Love of Allah to worship Him by standing shoulder to shoulder in queues. Allah has also revealed one of the Surahs in the Quran, the chapter name is “Al-Jummah” and the chapter number is 62. This Surah is sent down in Madinah and it is comprised of 11 verses/ayahs.
“Al-Jummah” the title is taken from the ninth ayah in which the Friday Congregational Prayer is made mandatory (for the men). It orders the believers to hasten towards the mosque in the remembrance of Allah, when they are called on the day of Jummah. Muazzein (muʾadhdhin) makes the call to prayer, called the by giving Adhan usually 15–20 minutes prior to the start of Jum'ah. Allah says in Quran in Surah Jummah, verse 9:
“O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu'ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew”.
Quran and Hadith invoke the importance of Friday as a sacred day of worship. The Friday Prayer is shorter than the usual midday prayers and it also includes two sermons. The first sermon is longer and contains most of the content. The second sermon is very brief and concludes with a Dua, after which the muezzin calls the Iqamah. Iqamah is another call to address the Muslims who are already present inside the Mosque. This refers to start the two main Rak’ats of Jummah Prayer.
Friday is superior to all other days in many ways not regarding to Jummah prayer only. The messenger of Allah Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) said,
“The best day the sun rises over is Friday; on it Allah created Adam. On it, he was made to enter paradise, on it he was expelled from it, and the Last Hour will take place on no other day than Friday.”(Tirmidhi)
By explaining the virtues of Jummah prayer, Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) said,
“When the Friday comes, Angels stand at every door of the Mosque and write down the names of those who come first, and then who come next. When the Imam sits down, the records are closed and they come to listen to the reminder, i.e. the Khutba” (Muslim)
It is the day of forgiveness to those who regret on their mistakes and seek forgiveness from Almighty Allah. Prophet Mohammad said,
“A man who performs Wudu on Friday, perfumes himself (if he has perfume), wears the best of his clothes, goes to the mosque and offers Jummah prayer while not harming anybody, and listens quietly while the Imam speaks, such a person will have all his sins between that Friday and the next forgiven.” (Al-Bukhari)
Happiness and success of a person lies in the remembrance of Allah-The Creator. As verse number 56 of Surah Adh-Dhariyat says,
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me”.
So, the core purpose of the creation of humans is to remember Allah and worship Him. The secret of happiness, peace, and success of a person lies in following the teachings of Quran and to thank Him for all the blessings. Allah likes to see the believers walking on the right path and successful in both the world and the hereafter, hence worshipping Him is only for their (humans) own benefit. As Allah says in Quran in Surah Ar-Ra’d , verse 28 :
“Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah . Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured."
In Surah Jummah too, Allah says about the success of mankind by keeping faith and remembering Him. Verse 10 of Surah Jummah is,
“And when the prayer has been concluded, disperse within the land and seek from the bounty of Allah, and remember Allah often that you may succeed”.
One of the few signs of true believers of Islam is that whenever believers hear the Name of Allah, their souls get enlightened, and they feel closer to their Lord. So, Muslims must rush to the mosques on the call of Adhan leaving their works behind because they will succeed in their works (business, jobs, studies, etc) only when they first thank and worship the Creator of this world.